Music and TimeHaydn, Bach, Hailstork, Herschel
Durée : 1h without intermission
Harmony of the spheres
The works by Bach and Haydn presented here were both written when the composers were in their thirties and had reached a key moment in their professional lives. In 1761 Haydn entered the service of the music-loving Prince Nikolaus Esterházy, who suggested themes and gave the titles for three famous and very innovative symphonies: Le Matin (“Morning”, a title deriving from the opening slow introduction, which clearly depicts sunrise), Le Midi (“Noon”) and Le Soir. (“Evening”).
In 1721 Bach was working as Kapellmeister at the small court of Coethen, where he produced his best-known instrumental works, including the Six Concerts à plusieurs instruments, better known as the Brandenburg Concertos, of which the irresistibly energetic no. 3, BWV 1048, a materialisation of the Pythagorean “music of the spheres”, is included on this programme. The other symphony conducted here by Nicolas Chalvin is by William Herschel (1738-1822), a British astronomer and composer of German origin, who played in the band of the Hanoverian Guards before moving to England and becoming famous for his astronomical work. Finally, the orchestra will be giving a new work by the American composer Adolphus Hailstork (b. 1941), who studied in 1963 with Nadia Boulanger at the Fontainebleau Conservatory, and is himself a renowned teacher. In his vast output Hailstork has embraced all musical forms, without ever turning his back on his African-American ancestry, nor his kinship with fellow Americans Aaron Copland and Walter Piston.
Nicolas Chalvin, conductor
Symphony no. 6 in D major, “Le Matin” (1761)
Johann Sebastian BACH
Brandenburg Concerto no. 3 in G major BWV 1048 (1721)
Symphony no. 8 in C minor (1761)